<<Basic theory of TCM>> Syllables

 

Course Number:Basic theory of Traditional Chinese Medicine

Course Classes: Compulsory Course

Total periods: 32

    Credit: 2

 Objectives: undergraduate foreign students

一.Teaching goals

Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) is the essence of Chinese excellent traditional culture, and is also a shining pearl of the medical community. The purpose of this course is cultivating pharmaceutical application-oriented undergraduates. By the norm textbook of Minstry of Health—Traditional Chinese Medicine Outline and self-made teaching outlines and plans, oriented by classroom teaching, supported by a variety of forms like multimedia teaching software and Chinese medicine yinpian, herbarium specimens ,classroom discussion etc, inspire the enthusiasms of students to explore the great treasure-house of Chinese medicine, to recognize the responsibility as the descendants of the ancestors to protect the legacy of valuable heritage and the responsibility to carry forward, to enable students to systemly master the basic concepts, basic theory, basic treatment methods of TCM ,and laid the foundation for subsequent courses Pharmacognosy and Phytochemicals. Learning this course is beneficial to use natural medicine resources of this province, to develop new traditional Chinese medicine with independent property rights and to cultivate more excellent, wide scope of knowledge pharmaceutical professional talents that is suitable for hospitals, pharmaceutical factory and pharmaceutical research

department.

  • Basical requirements of teaching
  • Taught of teaching contents: I will go into detail the contents to master and familiar and the difficulty and key contents, and speak roughly the contents to understand
  • Teaching methods: 1.Combination of heuristic and injection 2.Combination of words and photographs 3.Combination of teaching and studying 4.Combination of books and clinical 5.Combination of image demonstration and specimen identification 6.Combination of multimedia and blackboard writing 7. Combination of answer question and self-study
  • The requirments of homework and students′ self-study: to complete review questions and preview new contents
  • Assessment methods: close-book examination: average grade and attendance account for 40%,the final exam scores account for 60%

三.Course schedule

Number

Content

Lecture

Exp

Others

Total

1

Chapter 1 TCM History    

2

0

0

2

2

Chapter 2 Yingyang and Five Elements

4

0

0

4

3

Chapter 3 Qi, Blood and Body Fluid

2

0

0

2

4

Chapter 4 Five Organs

4

0

0

4

5

Chapter 5 Six Fu Organs

2

0

0

2

6

Chapter 6 Meridian and Collateralls

6

0

0

6

7

Chapter 7  Etiology

4

0

0

4

8

Chapter 8  Pathology

2

0

0

2

9

Chapter9 Differentiation

2

0

0

2

10

Chapter10 Treatment

4

0

0

4

合计

 

32

0

0

32

四.Teaching contents

Chapter 1 TCM History

  • Teaching contents:
  1. Conception of wholism
  2. Dialectical treat
  • Chapter 3 Thinking methods of Traditional Chinese Medicine

1. Governing exterior to infer interior

2. Aid content than class

3. Temptation and disproof

  •  Teaching key and difficult points

1. Key points: The general features of Traditional Chinese Medicine

2.Difficult points: the conception of syndrome、disease and dialectical、argue disease、different treatments for same disease and same treatments for different disease

  • Course assessment requirements
    1. To master the general features of Traditional Chinese Medicine

2. To be familiar with the conception of syndrome、disease and dialectical、argue disease、different treatments for same disease and same treatments for different disease

3. To understand the developing history and the thinking ways of Traditional Chinese Medicine (self-study)

  • Review questions:
  1. .What′s the general features of TCM? Which aspects were reflected in?
  2.  What′s the meaning of syndrome、pathology and disease? And the relationship among them?
  3. What′s the essence of different treatments for same disease and same treatments for different disease?
  4. Why TCM treatment mainly focused on syndrome?
  5.  How many 〝the top of〞are you understand in the developing history of TCM?
  6. What are the thinking methods of TCM?

Chapter 2 Yingyang and Five Elements

  • Teaching contents:
  • Yinyang Theory
  1. Basic meaning of Yinyang
  2. . Basic contents of Yinyang theory
  • Five elements
  1. Basic meaning of Five elements
  2. Basic contents of Five elements
  • Teaching key points and difficult points
  1. key points: Basic meaning of Yinyang and Five elements; Basic contents of Yinyang and Five elements theory
  2. difficult points: Basic meaning of Five elements and the relationship of raw g take a threat in five elements
  • Course assessment requirements

1. To master the basic meaning of Yinyang and five elements

2. To familiar with the basic contents of Yinyang theory and five elements theory

3. To understand the application of Yinyang and five elements theory in TCM

  • Review answers

1.What′s Yinyang? what′s the standards to divide Yin and yang?

2.What′s the basic contents of Yinyang theory? Try to illustrate the application of Yinyang theory in TCM.

3.What′s the five elements? What are the characteristics of five elements?

4. What′s the raw g take a threat rule in five elements? Try to demonstrate its application in TCM

        Chapter 3 Qi, Blood and Body Fluid

  • Teaching contents
  • Qi

1. The meaning and classification of Qi

2. The movement of Qi

3. The physiological function of Qi

  • Blood

1. The meaning of blood

2. The generation and movement of blood

3. The physiological function of blood

  • Body Fluid

1. The meaning of body fluid

2. The generation and movement of body fluid

3. The physiological function of body fluid

  • Relationship between Qi-blood and body fluid

1. The relationship between qi and blood

2. The relationship between qi and body fluid

3. The relationship between blood and body fluid

  • Teaching key points and difficult points
    1. Key points: the meaning, movement and physiological function of Qi; the physiological function, generation, distribution and excretion of body fluid; the relationship between Qi and blood
    2. Difficult points: generation, distribution and excretion of body fluid and its relationship with viscera; relationship between Qi and blood
  • Course assessment requirements

1. To master the physiological function of qi and its relationship between blood and fluid

2. To master the concerning conceptions that involve in the movement of qi and the generation,distribution and excretion of body fluid

3. To be familiar with the meaning of blood and fluid and the generation and movement of blood

  • Review questions

1. What are the physiological function of Qi, blood and body fluid?

2. Which qi is called the foundation qi in human body? Its function?

3. What is qi,qi movement and qi transformation?

4. What is the main difference of Ying Nutrition Qi and Wei Defensive Qi?

5. Which visceras have close relation with blood circulation?

6. Try to illustrate the generation, distribution and excretion of body fluid

7. What are the forms of movement of qi? What are the pathological changes brought by the disorder of qi activity?

8. What is the relation among qi, blood and fluid? The physiological relationship between blood and fluid and its pathological significance

Chapter 4 Five Organs

  • Teaching contents

1. heart

2. lung

3. spleen

4. liver

5. kidney

  • Teaching key points and difficult points

1. key points: the physiological function and the correlation of five organs

  • Course assessment requirements

1. To master the physiological function and the correlation of five organs

  • Review questions

1. What is the physiological function of five organs and its relation with body fluid zhiqiao?

2. How to understand kidney is the root of congenital constitution and spleen is the root of acquired constitution?

Chapter 5 Six Fu Organs

  • Teaching contents

Six fu organs

1. gallbladder

2. stomach

3. small intestine

4. large intestine

5. bladder

6. sanjiao
        extraordinary Fu-organ

1. brain

2. uterus

  • Teaching key points and difficult points

Key points: the physiological function and correlation of six Fu organs

  • Course assessment requirements

To master the physiological function and correlation of six Fu organs

  • Review questions

1. Which viscera and what functions of viscera have close relationship with liquid water metabolism?

   2. Which five fu organs have exterior-interior relationship with five zang organs?

Chapter 6 Meridian and Collateralls

  • Teaching contents

Meridian and Collaterall Channels:

   Distribution of twelve meridians direction

   Eight extraordinary meridians

  • Teaching key points and difficult points

1. Key points: conception and physiological function of Meridian and Collateralls

2. Difficult points: twelve meridians and eight extraordinary meridians

  • Course assessment requirements

To understand the distribution of twelve meridians and eight extraordinary meridians, the physiological function of eight extraordinary meridians

  • Review questions

What is meant by Meridian and Collateralls? And its functions?

Chapter 7  Etiology

  • Teaching contents
  • Six exogenous pathogens

1. wind

2. cold

3. hot

4. wet

5. dry

6. heat

  • Pestilence
  • Seven emotions
  • Diet、work and rest

1. improper dietary

2. maladjustment of work and rest

  • Other cases

1. phlegm retention and blood stasis

2. trauma

  • Teaching key points and difficult points

1. key points: the property and pathogenic characteristics of six exogenous pathogens; pathogenic characteristics of seven emotions; conception, causes and pathogenic characteristics of phlegm and blood stasis;

2. difficult points: conception, causes and pathogenic characteristics of phlegm and blood stasis;

  •  Course assessment requirements

1. To master the property and pathogenic characteristics of six exogenous pathogens

2. To master the pathogenic characteristics of seven emotions

3. To master the conception, causes and pathogenic characteristics of blood stasis;

4. To be familiar with the conception, causes and pathogenic characteristics of phlegm

5. To be familiar with the methods of exploring causes of disease in TCM

6. To understand the pathogenesis regularity and characteristic of plague, diet, work and rest, trauma

  • Review questions

1. What are the main methods to explore causes of disease in TCM?

2. What are meant by six exopathogens? What is the common characteristic of pathogenicity?

3. What are the property and pathogenic characteristics of six exopathogens?

4. Which zangfu can be affected by seven emotions? And how?

5. How to understand the conceptions of phlegm retention and blood stasis

6. Which factors have close relationship with the formation of blood stasis?

7. What is the common characteristic of blood stasis disease?

Chapter 8  Pathology

  • Teaching contents
  • Pathogenesis

1. healthy energy-evil struggle

2. imbalance of yin and yang

  • Incidence
    1. Deficieny of body energy and incidence
    2. Pathogenic factor and incidence
    3. Environment and incidence
  • Teaching key points and difficult points

         1. key points: the pathological mechanisms of healthy energy-evil struggle and actual situation changes; the conception of imbalance of yin and yang; the pathogenesis of piansheng and partial failure     

 2. difficult points:the conception of evil, right ,positive and negative; the conception of imbalance of yin and yang; the pathogenesis of piansheng and partial failure     

  • Course assessment requirements

1. To master the pathological mechanisms of healthy energy-evil struggle and actual situation changes

2. To master the conception of imbalance of yin and yang; the pathogenesis of piansheng and partial failure     

3. To be familiar with the relation between energy-evil struggle and disease outcome and the pathogenesis of mutual damage of yinyang

4. To be familiar with the connection of healthy and evil energy and incidence

5. To understand the pathogenesis of expulsion of yin-yang and yin depletion; the connection of environment and incidence

  • Review questions

1. How to understand energy-evil struggle, deficiency and excess syndrome and incidence?

2. What is the imbalance of yin and yang?

3. Try to state the pathogenesis of yin or yang deficiency, yin or yang excess and yang depletion and the syndrome they can cause?

Chapter 9 Four methods of diagnose

  • Teaching contents
  • Observation

1. observe spirit

2. observe face

3. observe expression

4. observe head, neck, limb and skin

5. observe excretion

6. observe tongue

  • Auscultation and olfaction

1. voice-listening

2. smell

  • Interrogation

1. cold or heat

2. perspiration

3. pain

4. diet

5. sleep

6. stool and urine

7. leukorrhea

  • Pulse feeling and palpation

1. pulse feeling

2. palpation

  • Teaching key points and difficult points

1. key points: observe spirit and face color, the diagnostic method of tougue diagnose and pulse feeling (the meaning of spirit; normal tougue image and pulse condition; disease dominated by five color; features of common pathology tongue image and pulse condition and the disease); common diagnosis terminology of TCM in clinical

2. difficult points: the features and diagnostic of common pathology tongue image and pulse condition and the disease

  • Course assessment requirements

1. To master the normal face color, tongue image and pulse condition; the meaning of spirit

2. To master the features of primary pathology tongue image and pulse condition and the disease they caused

3. To master diseases dominated by five colors

4. To be familiar with observe spirit and face color; the diagnostic methods of tougue diagnose and pulse feeling

5. To be familiar with the common diagnosis terminology

6. To understand other four diagnostic methods

  • Review questions

1. How to understand spirit in TCM?

2. What are the key points of diseases dominated by five colors?

3. What is the meaning of normal tougue image and pulse condition?

4. Try to state the diseases dominated by five colors.

5. Try to state the disease dominated by different coating color and coating nature.

6.What is anorexia, dawn diarrhea, stranguria, strong fever, tidal fever, scrofula, uterine bleeding?

7. Try to state the difference between fear of cold and aversion to cold, spontaneous sweating and night sweat.

8. State different kinds of pains and their clinical significance

9. State the features of primary pathology pulse condition and the disease it causes

Chapter 10 Differentiation

  • Teaching contents
  • Differentiation of eight principles

1. exterior and interior

2. cold and heat

3. deficiency and excess

4. yin and yang

1. qi disease

2. blood disease

3. qi-blood disease

4. body fluid disease

  • Differentiation of viscera

1. heart and small intestine

2. lung and large intestine

3. spleen and stomach

4. liver and gallbladder

5. kidney and bladder

6. concurrent Zang-fu syndrome

  • Other differentiations

1. six-meridian syndrome differentiation

2. syndrome differentiation of weiqiyingxue

3. syndrome differentiation of tri-jiao

  • Teaching key points and difficult points

1. key points: exterior syndrome, interior syndrome, semi-exterior-interior syndrome, yin-deficiency syndrome, yang deficiency syndrome, yang depletion syndrome and the dialectical points of qi-disease and blood disease; the main identification points of cold syndrome and heat syndrome, excess syndrome and deficiency syndrome

2. difficult points: heart-kidney imbalance syndrome and the syndrome analysis in each diseases

  • Course assessment requirements

1. To master the differentiation points of exterior syndrome, interior syndrome and semi-exterior-interior syndrome

2. To master the differentiation points of yin-deficiency syndrome, yang deficiency syndrome, yang depletion syndrome

3. To be familiar with the main identification points of cold syndrome and heat syndrome, excess syndrome and deficiency syndrome

4. To be familiar with the differentiation points and the pathogenesis of common syndrome of qi disease and blood disease

5. To understand the differentiation points of concurrent Zang-fu syndrome, tri-yin syndrome and tri-jiao syndrome in six meridians differentiation

  • Review questions

1. What is meant by exterior syndrome, interior syndrome? What characteristics do they have?

2. State the identification of exterior syndrome and interior syndrome, cold syndrome and heat syndrome, excess syndrome and deficiency syndrome.

3. State the main characteristics of qi deficiency syndrome, qi collapse syndrome, blood deficiency syndrome and blood stasis syndrome

4. Which visceras can easily appear reversed qi flow?  the common syndrome of qi-blood disease?

5. State the similarities and differences between qi-deficiency and yang-deficiency, blood deficiency and yin deficiency.

6. What are the syndrome characteristics of the common disease in five internal organs diseases?

7. State the syndrome characteristics of three-yang in six channels syndrome.

8. State the differentiation points of weiqiyinxue.

Chapter 11 Treatment

  • Teaching contents
  • Prevention

1. prevention before disease onset

2. preventing disease from exacerbating

  • Therapeutic principles

1. treating disease from root

2. strengthening body resistance and eliminating evil

3. treating in accordance with three categories of etiologic factors

  • Teaching key points and difficult points

1. key points:  the meaning and indication of treating disease from root; strengthening body resistance and eliminating evil; treating in accordance with three categories of etiologic factors

2. difficult points: the meaning of normal treatment and contrary treatment

  • Course assessment requirements

1. To master the differentiation points of exterior syndrome, interior syndrome and semi-exterior-interior syndrome

2. To master the differentiation points of yin-deficiency syndrome, yang deficiency syndrome, yang depletion syndrome

3. To be familiar with the main identification points of cold syndrome and heat syndrome, excess syndrome and deficiency syndrome

4. To understand the clinical significance of prevention before disease onset and preventing disease from exacerbating

  • Review questions

1. What are the principles of treating disease in TCM?

2. What is meant by treating disease from root? And its clinical significance?

3. What is meant by normal treatment, contrary treatment? What therapeutic methods are included? And their respective indications?

4. What is meant by symptoms, underlying problem of disease? How to apply the principle of treating disease through symptoms or root in clinical?

5. How to apply the principle of strengthening body resistance and eliminating evil in clinical?

6. What is the meaning of treating in accordance with three categories of etiologic? And its clinical application and significance?

Reference book

1. Guangdong Medical Colledge. Interpretation of Traditional Chinese Medical terms. Guangzhou : People′Healthy Publishing House.2001

2. Chen Jiaxu. Traditional Chinese Medical Theory foundation- chart solution. Beijing: People′Healthy Publishing House. 2004

3. Chen Jiaxu. Diagnostics of Traditional Chinese Medical - chart solution. Beijing: People′Healthy Publishing House. 2004

4. Second edition of Compendium of Materia medica. Beijing: People′Healthy Publishing House.2004

5. State Administration of Traditional Chinese M ateria Medica Editorial Board. Chinese Herbal 1-10, Tibetan, Mongolian volume. Shanghai Science and Technology Press.2002

6. Jiangsu New Medical Colledge. Traditional Chinese medicine dictionary. Shanghai: Shanghai Science and Technology Press. 2003

7. Shen Liansheng. Color  illustrations of Chinese material medica. Huaxia Publishing House.2000

8. Zhong Gansheng. graphic table of Chinese material medica. Beijing. People′Healthy Publishing House.2001

9. Jiao Shude. Ten Medication experiences. Beijing. People′Healthy Publishing House.1997

10. Wang Huanhua. Traditional Chinese medicine witticism. Beijing. People′Healthy Publishing House.2006

11. Gao Luwen. Clinical topic of toxic traditional Chinese medicine. Shanghai: Shanghai Science and Technology Press.2005

12. Li Qingye. Yang bin. Graphic table of formulaology. Beijing.People′Healthy Publishing House.1997

13. Liu Xuewen, Tang Qingxiang. Refined solution and interesting memories of Dosimetry. Liaoning Science and Technology Press.2003

14. Duan Fujin. Workbook of Dosimetry. Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine Press.2005

15. Ma zimi. Remit solution of ancient herbal. Chinese Medicine Press.2002

16. Ren Yingqiu. Practical Internal Medicine. Shanghai. Shanghai Science and Technology Press.1997